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Egyptian Gods & Goddesses
Below is a quick reference chart of some of the most popular Egyptian Gods and Goddesses, how they are commonly shown in Egyptian Statues, or Egyptian Tomb and Temple Reliefs, and what function or area they ruled over. More information to come.
|Name of the God/Goddess||Shown As||Rules|
|Amun, Amon, Atum||Man with head of a Ram, Ram||Life and Reproduction|
|Amun-Ra, Amon-Ra, Atum-Ra||Scarab, Falcon's head & Sun Disk||Sun God, God of the Universe, Creator|
|Anubis||Head of a Jackal, Jackal||God of Tombs, Guide to the Dead|
|Bast or Bastet||Head of a Cat, Cat||Life giving, cats, fire, pregnant women|
|Bes||Dwarf||Protection against evil, pregnant women|
|Geb||Black Goose||Vegetation and the Underworld|
|Hathor||Head of a cow, a Cow, Woman with Cows Ears||Goddess of Love|
|Horus||Head of a Hawk, Hawk||Sky & Sun God|
|Isis||Headdress with Horned Sun Disk or a Throne||Fertility, Healing & Love Goddess|
|Khepri, Khepera, Khephri||Beetle on his head or the Scarab Beetle||Morning Sun & Creator|
|Khunsu, Khensu, Khonsu||Falcon's head & Lunar Disk||Moon God|
|Khnum||Head of a Ram||Fertility, Reproduction|
|Maat, Ma'at||Woman with Feather Headdress, Ostrich Feather||Divine Order, Justice|
|Head of a Bull, or Man with Erect Genitalia||Fertility and Sexuality|
|Head of a Vulture, Headdress is the Atef Crown||Personification of Upper Egypt|
|Headress is a Incense Pot||Divine Assistance Goddess|
|Nut, Nuit||Head of a cow, a cow with stars on its body||Goddess of the Sky, Mother Goddess|
|Opet, Ipe, Ipy||Hippopotamus goddess||Goddess of childbirth|
|Osiris||Pharaoh wearing a crown||God of Death, the Dead, Underworld|
|Ptah, Tathenen||Bull or bearded man with skull cap||Creator|
|Shu||Wearing an ostrich feather or Lion||Embodiment of the dry air and the wind|
|Sekhmet aka Eye of Ra||Head of a Lioness, rarely as a Lion||Life-destroying power of the sun, vengeance, revenge|
|Seth, Set||Beast-headed||God of Chaos, Desert & Storms|
|Sobek||Head of a Crocodile||Creator|
|Ra, Re||Solar Disk / Scarab Beetle/ Falcon||Creator of the Universe, Sun God|
|Tefnut||Head of a lioness||Goddess of Rain|
|Thoth||Head of an Ibis, Baboon||Wisdom, learning and the arts|
Nekhbet - The goddess Nekhbet is often represented as a vulture, as a woman with the head of a vulture or as a woman wearing the Atef-crown. Her primary cult centers were located in the ancient cities of Nekheb (Elkab) and Nekhen (Hierakonpolis), situated across from each other on both banks of the Nile in the South of Upper-Egypt. Her name means 'the one of Nekheb.' Her most important epithet 'the White One of Nekhen' relates her to Hierakonpolis.
Nekhbet is the personification of the White Crown of Upper Egypt, and as such, she is associated with her Lower-Egyptian counterpart, Uto. Both goddesses are often represented together, crowning the king . By extension, she is not only the goddess of the White Crown, but also the patron goddess of Upper-Egypt. As a vulture-goddess, Nekhbet is the goddess of heaven, sometimes related to the sun when she is called 'the Eye of Re' and other times to the moon. She is also the protectress of the king and of the non-royal deceased. As such, she is represented as a vulture extending one wing to the front, the other to the ground, flying above the person she is protecting."