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Egyptian Gods & Goddesses

Below is a quick reference chart of some of the most popular Egyptian Gods and Goddesses, how they are commonly shown in Egyptian Statues, or Egyptian Tomb and Temple Reliefs, and what function or area they ruled over.  More information to come.

Name of the God/Goddess Shown As Rules
Amun, Amon, Atum Man with head of a Ram, Ram Life and Reproduction
Amun-Ra, Amon-Ra, Atum-Ra Scarab, Falcon's head & Sun Disk Sun God, God of the Universe, Creator
Anubis Head of a Jackal, Jackal God of Tombs, Guide to the Dead
Bast or Bastet Head of a Cat, Cat Life giving, cats, fire, pregnant women
Bes Dwarf Protection against evil, pregnant women
Geb Black Goose Vegetation and the Underworld
Hathor Head of a cow, a Cow, Woman with Cows Ears Goddess of Love
Horus Head of a Hawk, Hawk Sky & Sun God
Isis Headdress with Horned Sun Disk or a Throne Fertility, Healing & Love Goddess
Khepri, Khepera, Khephri Beetle on his head or the Scarab Beetle Morning Sun & Creator
Khunsu, Khensu, Khonsu Falcon's head & Lunar Disk Moon God
Khnum Head of a Ram Fertility, Reproduction
Maat, Ma'at Woman with Feather Headdress, Ostrich Feather Divine Order, Justice

Min

Head of a Bull, or Man with Erect Genitalia Fertility and Sexuality

Nehkbet

Head of a Vulture, Headdress is the Atef Crown Personification of Upper Egypt

Nephthys

Headress is a Incense Pot Divine Assistance Goddess
Nut, Nuit Head of a cow, a cow with stars on its body Goddess of the Sky, Mother Goddess
Opet, Ipe, Ipy Hippopotamus goddess Goddess of childbirth
Osiris Pharaoh wearing a crown God of Death, the Dead, Underworld
Ptah, Tathenen Bull or bearded man with skull cap Creator
Shu Wearing an ostrich feather or Lion Embodiment of the dry air and the wind
Sekhmet aka Eye of Ra Head of a Lioness, rarely as a Lion Life-destroying power of the sun, vengeance, revenge
Seth, Set Beast-headed God of Chaos, Desert & Storms
Sobek Head of a Crocodile Creator
Ra, Re Solar Disk / Scarab Beetle/ Falcon Creator of the Universe, Sun God
Tefnut Head of a lioness Goddess of Rain
Thoth Head of an Ibis, Baboon Wisdom, learning and the arts

 

Nekhbet - The goddess Nekhbet is often represented as a vulture, as a woman with the head of a vulture or as a woman wearing the Atef-crown. Her primary cult centers were located in the ancient cities of Nekheb (Elkab) and Nekhen (Hierakonpolis), situated across from each other on both banks of the Nile in the South of Upper-Egypt. Her name means 'the one of Nekheb.' Her most important epithet 'the White One of Nekhen' relates her to Hierakonpolis.

Nekhbet is the personification of the White Crown of Upper Egypt, and as such, she is associated with her Lower-Egyptian counterpart, Uto. Both goddesses are often represented together, crowning the king . By extension, she is not only the goddess of the White Crown, but also the patron goddess of Upper-Egypt. As a vulture-goddess, Nekhbet is the goddess of heaven, sometimes related to the sun when she is called 'the Eye of Re' and other times to the moon. She is also the protectress of the king and of the non-royal deceased. As such, she is represented as a vulture extending one wing to the front, the other to the ground, flying above the person she is protecting."